In the recent years, there is growing concern regarding the nutritive value of foods and to nourish the ever increasing population and the inadequacy of essential nutrients can be improved through fortifications. The findings from various studies revealed that content of minerals in plant foods can be altered by the application of fertilizers to the soil by balancing the with micronutrients. Although iodine is not essential element to plant, but iodine is an important essential micronutrient element for human being and animals. If require for synthesis of thyroid hormones, thyroxins and triiodothyroxin which are iodinated molecules of the amino acid tyrosine. The thyroid hormones regulate a variety of important physiological processes including cellular oxidation and protein synthesis in all cells. Iodine deficiency results in thyroid dysfunction, indicated by condition known as goiter in human being. In women it deficiency leads to pregnancy wastage in the form of abortion or still birth and in new born baby as mental deficiency and dwarfism. Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) constitutes a major nutrition deficiency disorder in India.
Dr. Shishu Pal Singh completed B.Sc. in Agri. from CPSJM University, Kanpur (UP). He has Completed M.Sc. (Ag) and Ph.D. in Soil Science & Agri. Chemi. from BHU, Varanasi. He have publishes 10 research paper and article in in national and international referred journal. Author working As Soil Conservation Expert in Ministry of Railway Govt.of India